For an excellent book on the true costs of the automobile litter pictured above or our oil addiction see Terry Tamminen.2006.LIVES PER GALLON: THE TRUE COST OF OUR OIL ADDICTION. Island Press.Washington.
Air Pollution by planes.
See the airplane radar picture over India:
Every minute or so a plane is taking off or landing in India! The problem is lead as it is spewed by the plane exhaust. Lead is also there in specialty fuels. Lead lowers sperm count and creates abnormalities in the rest. Lead reduces fertility in women and causes miscarriages.Children absorb lead more readily than adults do. As their brains and nervous systems develop, children may suffer significant learning disabilities and hyperactivity as a result of lead contamination. For all lead is a neurotoxin even at very low levels, affecting the circulatory, reproductive,nervous and kidney systems. These low levels bioaccumulate in bone and other tissues. Although these effects have been well understood for decades,oil companies continue to offer leaded plane fuel around the globe.
Though from jet fuels lead has been eliminated, other aviation fuels still contain lead as otherwise the planes would suffer damage as there will be no anti knock effect.
But airplane exhaust whether jet or not still contains all the pollutants that cause health damage and death that automobiles cause.
Now take a look at Delhi PM 2.5 particulate matter smog where airplanes take off and land above densely populated areas like Vasant Vihar and Kunj every minute(wiki):
Exposure to particulate matter for a long time can lead to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, lung cancer and heart attacks. The Global burden of disease study for 2010, published in 2013, had found that outdoor air pollution was the fifth-largest killer in India and around 620,000 early deaths occurred from air pollution-related diseases in 2010(wiki). This confirms the data of Terry Tamminen for the USA: ...more than 100000 Americans died, or died early of air pollution related illness in 1994 and at least that many every year since.
Children who live in smoggy areas like Delhi and Vashi,Navi Mumbai lose 1% of their lung capacity every year.Terry Tamminen wrote in the above mentioned book of his citing unambiguous scientific study(Ref1):"Preventable air pollution robs our children o 5% of their ability to breathe by the age of 5, 10 % of their ability to breathe by the age of ten and so on. None the less no one speaks out against it in the United Nations and few ask oil and auto companiesto absorb the external costs that their products impose on the rest of us. Instead our governments spend billions of dollars to subsidise these industries, in turn subsidising our addictive self destruction." In reconfirmatory study(Ref2) the health of people of all ages improve with air pollution going down.
Also have a look at the air quality index bulletin of India at:
You must however verify the veracity of the figures cited therein by cross checking with data published via SAFAR data by IMD on a daily basis. This writer found out discrepancy in the data furnished by the bulletin and that published by SAFAR.
See this for example for Navi Mumbai SAFAR data for 2 December 2016 at 11:39:25 IST or 06:09 UTC: Navi Mumbai is very poor. And this was the state yesterday(December 1 2016 at 1600 hrs IST) average for past 24 hrs which is also the time stated in the Bulletin ! The Bulletin however states "satisfactory" for PM 2.5 for December 1 2016 at 69 percent of 60 microgrammes per cubic meter.
|Fri, Dec 2, 2016 11:39:25 am|
Airlines 2016 aviation fuel consumption 6.2 million tons as of October 2016.
Data on aircraft in the skies and their use for India is at
Apte's note below is an apt summary of how to go about for the All India situation.
To give a perspective of the All India pollution from coal fired stations
compared with All India vehicular pollution: Annual figures(December 2015): Of the 430 million tons of coal used to generate 860 billion units of electricity with a monitored capacity of 164752 MW,143 million tons of coal are lost in 33.3% transmission and distribution losses! Of the remaining 287 million tons of coal delivered as electricity, 224 million tons are lost in inefficiency! Thus only 63 million tons(14.65%) of coal appears as electricity usefully converted as final delivered goods and services or 367 million tons of the 430 million tons are burnt without utility in the air contaminating life! A 1000 MW coal fired plant is equivalent to the pollution of 300000 motor vehicles
and thus the 164752 MW of coal fired stations emit the equivalent of 50 million motor vehicles.
For comparison, the number of motor vehicles on Indian roads today is 20 million! The health of all life is affected by both the coal fired stations and the motor vehicles which crawl at ten percent efficiency wasting 90% of the fossil fuel input to them.
Dont jump to say go for nukes. Nukes give negative energy to society outside the nuclear industry apart from causing 330 million Indian infant deaths estimated just due to the March 2011 triple core melt of Fukushima's 2820 MW nukes caused by the surges of the World's dams resulting in a great 9 MM magnitude damquake!
But see how dams caused the Fukushima earthquake at
The science of dams causing earthquakes and climate change at
And these same dams stabilize the grid because of based loaded thermal and nuke stations.
This is the suicidal destructive power of modern civilization in action foreseen by Mahatma Gandhi in 1908.
A Set of Haikus on oil in modern civilization in Nigeria, a mirror of Indian poverty
(C) 2017 Ramaswami Ashok Kumar
17 April 2017